Car insurance is a legal requirement in all four constituent countries of the UK (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland). Hence, you need to be aware of the critical liabilities associated with your car insurance. They include basic driving legalities, car insurance laws and essential legal documents.
Fundamentals Of Car Insurance:
Car insurance is the means by which you obtain a document for your vehicle to shield it from accidents, collisions and the like. This document is issued by your insurance provider, according to which you consent to pay a certain amount of money as premium. The time frame for the payment of the premium is mutually decided. Consequently, your insurance company agrees to pay for your damages if the need arises.
Your car insurance policy provides coverage for :
- Damage to your car
- Theft of your vehicle
- Physical injuries to others
- Damage to others’ property
- Physical injuries to you
The duration of your car insurance policy can be up to 1 year. Reminders are frequently mailed for the renewal of your policy.
Car Insurance Coverage
Third party car insurance - the minimum type of coverage legally required by every UK motorist. It ensures damages against other drivers /pedestrians/cars/property.
Fire and theft - in addition to third party car insurance; it provides protection against fire breakouts or car theft.
Full comprehensive car insurance - encompasses third party, fire and theft car insurance along with insurance for any kind of damages to your car and you.
Driving and Car Insurance Legalities
The Road Traffic Act 1988 c.52 and associated driving laws are applicable in all parts of the UK, with minor differences in interpretation of the law. Third party insurance is a legal prerequisite in the entire UK. Along with third party insurance, motorists are required to have some important legal documents such as an insurance certificate, a cover note, an insurance policy and a driver’s license.
Insurance Certificate : A legal document issued by a car insurance firm or independent car insurance provider. It proves that the insurance document is valid and summarizes the coverage type, insurance benefits and the names of those insured. It also includes the date and time when the certificate will expire.
Cover Note : A certificate issued by your car insurance company giving the insured a provisional insurance policy until the issuance of the actual policy. This certificate is a legal document that can be tendered in the court of law, if required. The cover note becomes invalid when you obtain your car insurance policy.
Car Insurance Policy Document : A written contract between the insured and insurance company represents a car insurance policy. It includes a car insurance compensation plan, level of coverage, included and excluded benefits, provisions and expiry dates.
Driver’s License : A license that allows a person to drive a vehicle. In the UK, it is issued by DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Authority).
It is important to remember is that if you are not in possession of any of these documents the police can penalize you with hefty fines. So it is essential for you to carry these documents at all times when driving.